Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) Solicitors | A Complete Guide to ILR 2024

indefinite leave to remain

Below are some of the routes to obtaining ILR, each tailored to different individual circumstances:

Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) is a type of immigration status in the United Kingdom (UK) granted to individuals who do not hold the right of abode. It allows them to live, work, and study in the UK without any time limit on their stay. This status is often seen as a step towards obtaining British citizenship.

Key Point Summary
Definition ILR is an immigration status granting an indefinite stay in the UK to non-UK nationals.
Eligibility Various circumstances including refugee status, certain visa types, and continuous residency may qualify an individual for ILR.
Benefits ILR holders can work, study, and live in the UK without restrictions. 
Path to Citizenship A waiting period post-ILR status is required to apply for UK citizenship.

What Is Indefinite Leave To Remain? – Understanding ILR

Indefinite Leave to Remain is an important immigration status that allows individuals a significant degree of freedom within the UK. It slightly differs from British citizenship, as it does not confer voting rights or a UK passport, but it does remove many immigration-related restrictions.

One of the primary advantages of indefinite leave to remain (ILR) is that it grants freedom from immigration control. This means individuals can work for any employer, engage in self-employment, or pursue education in the UK. Additionally, access to public funds and healthcare services becomes available, contributing to an improved quality of life.

What Are The Different, Potential Routes to Obtaining ILR

The path to indefinite leave to remain depends on individual circumstances and the type of visa initially held. Below are some of the common routes towards obtaining ILR, along with their respective processes and requirements.

1. ILR as a Spouse (5-Year Route)

The 5-year route to ILR as a spouse is designed for individuals who are married to or in a civil partnership with a person present and settled in the UK. It’s crucial to meet specific eligibility criteria, including relationship requirements and a certain level of knowledge of the English language and life in the UK.

2. ILR as a Skilled Worker

Skilled workers under the points-based immigration system may qualify for indefinite leave to remain. The key requirements include a specified period of continuous employment and passing the Life in the UK Test and English language test. Learn more about the ILR as a Skilled Worker route here.

3. ILR as a Victim of Domestic Violence

This route is for individuals who have been victims of domestic violence while in a relationship with a British citizen or person with settled status. It’s a crucial pathway to ensure the safety and stability of affected individuals.

Learn more about the ILR as a Victim of Domestic Violence route

Route Key Requirements Learn More
ILR as a Spouse (5-Year Route) Relationship status, English language, and Life in the UK Test Details
ILR as a Skilled Worker Continuous employment, Life in the UK Test, and English language test Details
ILR as a Victim of Domestic Violence Proof of domestic violence, application within specified period Details

The additional routes to ILR, including the ILR for Unmarried Partners, ILR for Children based on private life, and ILR after 10 years of residency, also have unique eligibility criteria and application processes.

What is the 10-Year Long Residence Rule for ILR?

Individuals who have resided in the UK continuously for 10 years may be eligible for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) under the long residence rule. This route considers the applicant’s adherence to immigration conditions over the decade and their good character and knowledge of the English language and life in the UK.

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How Can You Extend Your Stay for ILR Eligibility?

If you’re in the UK on a visa that can lead to ILR, you may need to extend your stay to meet the residency requirement. Extensions are contingent on continuing to meet the visa conditions and providing the necessary evidence during the application process.

Can Your Family Members and Relatives Apply for ILR?

Family members of individuals applying for or holding ILR may also be eligible for this status. The eligibility depends on the relationship to the ILR holder/applicant and other immigration rules.

Is Indefinite Leave To Remain Permanent? – Can ILR be Revoked?

Your indefinite leave to remain status can be revoked in certain circumstances, such as if the individual becomes a person of concern to the public or the state, or if they commit immigration offences. It’s crucial to maintain good, legal standing to retain your ILR status in the UK.


Indefinite leave to remain (ILR) infographic

What Legal Support is Available for ILR Appeals?

If your ILR application is denied by Home Office, there’s a possibility that you may be able to appeal the decision. Having professional legal support can significantly improve the chances of a successful appeal. At Primus Solicitors, we offer dedicated legal services to guide you through the appeal process and ensure the best possible outcome.

Can You Switch from ILR to British Citizenship?

Switching from ILR to British citizenship is a significant step that comes with additional rights and privileges. The process involves meeting certain residency requirements, passing the Life in the UK Test, and, in most cases, an English language test.

Here’s a summarised view of the transition process:

Stage Description
Indefinite Leave to Remain Status Initial status allowing indefinite stay in the UK
Residency Requirement Usually 12 months with ILR status
Life in the UK Test Required for most applicants
English Language Test Required unless exempt


Why Choose Primus for Your ILR Application

Navigating the path to Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) can be complex and demanding. At Primus Solicitors, we are dedicated to simplifying this process for you. 

Here’s Just 5 Reasons as to why Primus Stands Out From the Rest: 

  • Expertise: Our team of seasoned immigration solicitors have a wealth of experience in handling ILR applications. Their deep understanding of UK immigration laws and up-to-date knowledge of any changes in legislation ensures that your application is in competent hands.
  • Transparent Communication: We believe in clear and honest communication. From the outset, we provide a straightforward assessment of your case, the costs involved, and what you can expect throughout the process.
  • Successful Track Record: Our proven track record of successful ILR applications speaks volumes about our capability and commitment to achieving positive outcomes for our clients.
  • Client Satisfaction: Client satisfaction is at the core of our service ethos. We strive to make the ILR application process as smooth and stress-free as possible, keeping you informed at every stage.
  • Competitive Pricing: We offer competitive pricing for our immigration services without compromising on the quality of service.

Embarking on the journey to secure ILR status is a significant step. Allow Primus Solicitors to provide the expert guidance and support you need to navigate this path successfully. For more information or to schedule a consultation, contact us today.


Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) is a crucial immigration status for individuals wishing to make the UK their long-term home. This article explored the various routes to obtaining ILR, the benefits it offers, and the process of transitioning to British citizenship. Whether you’re a skilled worker, a spouse, or seeking refuge from domestic violence, ILR provides a pathway to settling in the UK.

For personalised guidance through your indefinite leave to remain (ILR) application process or transitioning to citizenship, contact our experienced team of immigration solicitors at Primus Solicitors.